MAYON VOLCANO (Mt. Mayon) 2,463 masl

"The Highest Peak of the Magayon Trio"

Quick Facts on Mt. Mayon
  • LLA: 13°15′24″N; 123°41′6″E; 2462 MASL (#23)
  • Days required / Hours to summit: 3 days / 10-12 hours
  • Specs: Major climb, Difficulty 7/9, Trail class 2-5

Mayon, magayon – Beautiful Mayon Volcano is one of the most spectacular mountains in the Philippines, and it is one of only two mountains in the world famous for a perfect conical shape, the other being Mt. Fuji in Japan. Its uninterrupted rise from the Bicol peninsula serves as the backdrop of the Cagsawa Ruins in one of most popular postcard scenes in the Philippines. Not surprisingly, the Cagsawa ruins themselves were caused by the volcano in its most devastating eruption in February 1814 which killed over a thousand. Indeed, just like Mt. Fuji, the symmetry and beauty of Mayon has ironically sprung forth from violent volcanic activity. In fact, Mayon is the most active volcano in the Philippines, with no less 46 volcanic eruptions occuring after 1814.

Legends about Mt. Mayon inevitably arose throughout centuries, and the most famous is the central story in Bicolano mythology, that of Magayon, a princess whose famed beauty spread throughout the archipelago and was much-sought after by warriors and noblemen. It was a Tagalog warrior named Handiong who won her heart, and they became lovers. One version says their respective tribes were rivals and they had no choice but to commit suicide instead of letting go of each other. Another version says Handiong had a rival from another tribe, who was preferred by Magayon's father -- a clash ensued between the two suitors and . Regardless, the tales are in agreement that the lovers died side by side, and from their grave arose a volcano. They called it Magayon, a name which now means beautiful in the Bikolano language. For indeed, Magayon the girl was beautiful, and now a volcano stands in her place as the crowning jewel of Bicolandia.

(Thus Mayon, like Makiling and Arayat, are feminine in legend, whereas Kanlaon and Apo were ascribed to male deities. On the other hand there are places like Pulag and Amuyao who do not personify any entity, but still figure as places of mythological importance.)

The trek up Mayon is definitely an exciting adventure, made more challenging by the thrill and the knowledge that the volcano can erupt anytime. The trail starts off at 762m at the PHIVOLCS office in Tabaco, Albay. You will first enter a forest then reach a grassland of talahib; from there is what is known as Buang Gully- a ravine formed by an ancient lava flow. At the end of this gully is the first campsite, where one can spend lunchtime if aiming for Camp 2 by night in a summit climb, or you can spend the night there in the Day 1 of a trek to the Knife Edge. Beyond Camp 1, Camp 2 is two hours away, and from here the trek consists of rock scrambling and climbing until one reaches the Knife Edge. After the Knife Edge, the rock scrambing continues; the trail is understandably loose and steep. After 2 hours, the summit crater is reached.

At the top, the view is vast and breathtaking; sights include Mt. Isarog (NW); Bulusan Volcano (E) and the bodies of water that surround Bicolandia. Catanduanes, the large island, looms northeast. Whether the summit or the Knife Edge, the Mayo adventure is doubtless a memorable experience that we foresee will regain its status as one of the most sought-after climbing destinations in the Philippines.

from Legazpi, Albay


Day 1
1100 Early lunch in Legazpi, Albay
1200 Head to jumpoff
1300 Arrival at Tabaco, Albay jumpoff; start trek
1700 Arrival at Camp 1, ~1500 MASL (end of Buang Gully?)

Day 2
0600 Resume trek
0800 Arrival at Camp 2. 1921 MASL. Beyond this is rock scrambling/climbing
1100 ETA Knife Edge; 2200 MASL; lunch
1200 Start descent all the way to jumpoff
1800 Back at jumpoff. Head back to Legazpi or other endpoints.

If the summit is scalable, then the recommended itinerary would be something like this:

Day 0
Travel from Manila or Legazpi then spend the night in Mayon Resthouse, Tabaco (near Phivolcs)

Day 1 
0500 Early breakfast
0600 Proceed to PHIVOLCS office; start trek
1200 Arrival at Camp 1, ~1500 MASL (end of Buang Gully?). Lunch.
1500 Arrival at Camp 2, 1921 MASL. Set up camp
1800 Dinner / socials

Day 2
0600 Breakfast
0700 Start rock scrambing / scaling. Assault possible.
0900 ETA Knife Edge; 2200 MASL. Rest.
0930 Start scaling cliff / boulder up to summit
1130 Arrival at Mayon summit / Lunch or heavy snacks
1200 Start descent
1500 Back at Camp 2
1800 Dinner / socials

Day 3
0600 Breakfast / Break camp
0700 Start descent all the way to jumpoff
1300 Back at jumpoff. Head back to Legazpi or other endpoints.

Summitability: Right now perhaps because of recent volcanic actvity, it may not be possible and it is currenly not permitted to climb all the way to the top. If feasible, then consult with local guides/contacts if ropes may be required. Some veteran climbers recommend the bringing of a gas mask to protect one's self from the toxic fumes that emanate from the crater of Mayon.

Logistics. According to Sir Bruce, who visited the blog, the contact for the Albay Tourism Office is (052)8206314 or (052)8206316. The tourism office can supply guides and there are also operators in Legazpi also facilitate treks. According to "How ever there are two independent groups that have equipment which is cheaper, both are registered with the Tourist office. One is situated at the rear of Gasano the other has info in most hotels. We paid P6000 which included two porters, one guide, myself to knife edge and my girl friend to camp one. Food and tent were supplied (no mattress)"

Other notes. The trail is very barren so prepare for sun protection. There is no reliable water source so a lot of water (4-5L) is suggested in the trek.

Past eruptions of Mt. Mayon: 2013, 2004, 2003, 2002, 2001, 1993, 1984, 1978, 1968, 1947, 1943, 1941, 1939, 1938, 1928, 1902?, 1897, 1896, 1895, 1893, 1891-92, 1890, 1888, 1886-87, 1885, 1881-82, 1876, 1873, 1872, 1871-72, 1868, 1863?, 1862, 1861, 1860, 1859, 1858, 1857, 1855, 1853, 1851, 1846, 1845, 1839, 1834-35, 1827-28, 1814, 1811?, 1800, 1766, 1616.

Henceforth "summitablity" will refer to the feasibility of reaching the summit of a particular mountain at the given (default is present) time.




MT. MALINAO 1,450 masl

"2nd Highest Peak of the Magayon Trio"

Quick Facts on Mt. Malinao
  • Major jumpoff: Brgy. Tanawan, Malinao
  • LLA: 1450 MASL (peak) 1564 MASL (highest point)
  • Days required / hours to summit: 1-2 days / 5-7 hours
  • Specs: Major climb, Difficulty 5/9, Trail class 2-3

Mt. Malinao is the second of the 'Magayon Trio' - the three beautiful mountains of the province of Albay. Of course, the first and by far the most famous is no less than the famous Mayon, where the very concept of Bicolano beauty derives. Malinao, as its name in various Filipino languages denote, means 'clear' and likely it is the clarity of the mountain's waters that is described in the appellation. A striking example is Vera Falls, at the slopes of Mt. Malinao, itself a beautiful destination.

A lush forest surrounds Mt. Malinao, but prior to this, abaca plantations are encountered, a sight very typical of the hinterlands of Bicol. The forest is quite dense, reminiscent of Mt. Isarog. Although there are several peaks on the caldera rim of Mt. Malinao (being an old volcano), the usual trek only goes to the first peak, because of security concerns. However, future possibilities may include a traverse of Mt. Malinao. At the peaks, one can gaze down the vast caldera very similar to that of Mt. Asog or Mt. Mariveles.

All said, Mt. Malinao is a very nice dayhike (or overnight climbs), and can be taken as a Mt. Mayon sidetrip or as a climb in itself for people visiting Bicol.

From Legaspi City

0500 Take van or jeep from Albay to Tabaco
0600 From Tabaco, take jeep then/or tricycle to Brgy. Tanawan, Alinao
0700 Start trek
0830 Arrival at Sugad Plaza
1200 Arrival at the summit/crater rim
1300 Start descent
1700 Back in Brgy. Tanawan; option to head to the cold spring pools.
1800 Head back to Albay
1900 Arrival in Albay

Getting there. From Legazpi City (accessible from Manila by a 10-hour bus or a 40-minute plane ride) you can take a jeep or van to Tabaco City, and from their, you can either take a jeepney or tricycle to Brgy. Tanawan, Alinao. Contact JR (see below) to see if he can pick you up at Tabaco City.

Guides and permits. The person to contact for Mt. Malinao climbs is JR Casi at 0928.222.2572. He is the president of the Alinao Guardian Mountaineers as well as of the guide association; by contacting him beforehand he can do all the . Upon arrival, hikers must register at the barangay hall before proceeding with the climb.

When to climb. Malinao can be climbed year-round and is not dependent on volcanic activity, unlike nearby Mt. Mayon -- so it is a good Plan B for those planning a Mt. Mayon climb.




MT. MASARAGA 1,328 masl

"3rd Highest Peak of the Magayon Trio"

Quick Facts on Mt. Masaraga
  • Major jumpoff: Sitio Sabluyon, Brgy. Amtic, Ligao City
  • LLA: 13.3125 N, 123.5988 E, 1328 MASL
  • Days required / Hours to summit: 1-2 days / 4-7 hours
  • Specs: Major climb, Difficulty 6/9, Trail class 1-4

Mt. Masaraga is the third of three mountains that comprise the 'Magayon Trio' or the three beautiful mountains of Albay: Mayon, Malinao, and Masaraga. Little-known to outsiders, it has revealed itself to be one of Bicol's best-kept hiking secrets, with stunning views of Mt. Mayon, and, as the guides (and the blogger) discovered in April 2011, its summit possesses equally spectacular views of the north, revealing Mt. Isarog, Mt. Asog, and Lake Buhi.

Although a Masagara climb can be done as a dayhike, it has historically been done as an overnight climb. The first part of the trail passes by open, exposed fields, before entering intermittent forests, with the trails getting steeper and steeper. Prior to the summit, there is a final challenging assault but the visual rewards at the summit make it well worth it.

From Legazpi

0500 Head to Ligao City by jeepney or van
0600 Arrival at Ligao; Register at municipal hall
0630 Head to Sitio Sabloyon by taking jeep to Tabaco City
0715 ETA jumpoff. Coordinate with guides
0730 Start trekking
0900 ETA campsite
1100 Start of steep ascent
1200 ETA summit; lunch
1300 Start descent
1630 Back at jumpof; wait for jeep back to Tabaco or Ligao
1830 ETA Legazpi City

Guides and permits. The best guides for Mt. Masaraga are the Ulayao brothers, Tupe and Toy. They may be reached at +63.939.386.2565. They emphasize, however, that one must first register at the city hall / police station of Ligao City before proceeding for the climb.

Getting there. From Legazpi City, one can reach Ligao City by taking a jeepney (terminals are near the market) or vans near the Central Terminal near the Gaisano Mall. Departure time is 'alas-puno' i.e. as soon as the van is filled to capacity. Fare is P30. From Ligao City, ask for the jeepneys to Tabaco and tell your jeepney driver to drop you off at Sitio Sabluyon, Brgy. Amtic.

Trail notes. It might be prudent to bring a rope to assist climbers in the higher areas of the mountain. Beware of lipa (noxious plants) and thorns.




1. Federation of Bicol Mountaineers, Inc. (FBMI) Legazpi City Danilo Arispe Sr
2. Camp ONE Legazpi City Glenn Calixtro
3. Nature Keepers Mountaineering Club (NKM) Legazpi City Abet Añonuevo
4. Tribu Guinobateño Mountaineering Club (TGMC) Guinobatan, Albay Jovit Tiansay/HOmar Arana - 09167285997
5. Tabak Mountaineering Club Tabaco City
6. Masaraga Mountaineering Club (MMC) Ligao City Ferdz Badaguas
7. Alinao Guardians Mountaineers Malinao, Albay JR Casi - 09282222572
8. MASUKAL Mountaineering Club Tabaco City
9. Mayon Mountaineers, Inc. Legazpi City
10. BURABOD Bicol University Hanilet Abion

HOTLINES: Medical Emergency (484-6728)
Fire (484-7788)

Copyright © 2017 | Cynthia L. Perdiz

Page last updated: October 12, 2017