Quick Facts on Guinobatan

  • LAND AREA: 244.43 km2 (94.37 sq mi)
  • POPULATION: 75,967 (As of 2010)
  • MAJOR INDUSTRY: Agriculture, Handicraft Making & Food Processing

Brief History

Chronicles states that the aborigines of Guinobatan were the indigenous tribes, which first inhabited the region bordering Albay Golf also known asLegazpiBay. The Mohammedans of Mindanao and Borneo frequently bothering them, these people were forced to retreat as far as Tandarora to Bubulusan and Muladbucad, which are now barrios of Guinobatan. However, the avalanche of Mindanao Moros went on there; thus, they had to run again towards the coast ofPanganiran where they tried to establish a town. But the pirates of Burias pursued so they had to move again from Panganiran to the present location of the town ofGuinobatan. The town grew progressively with excessive abaca and cacao fields. These were the people that were found by Franciscan missionaries of Camalig who arrived in 1578 with the purpose of Evangelization.

In the beginning, the Franciscans considered Guinobatan as a barrio or Visita of Camalig. But from 1672 to 1678, when the Christianity gained foothold in the place, it was subsequently recognized as a permanent Visita (settlement) and designated as Christianity’s outpost. In 1846, the towns in Yraya sector from Libon (now Sto. Domingo) to Pilar, which were under the jurisdiction of Camarines, were interchanged with the towns in the sector of the Cordillera (now Lagonoy) from Sangay to Caramoan. In t his way, the territorial division between Albay and Camarines began. As a result, Guinobatan became part of Albay.

In those years, Tenientes Absolutos handled the civil government of Guinobatan. Don Francisco Bagamasad, the chief of tenientes, is considered as the founding father of the town. Together with Don Ambrosio, Don Catinod, Don Juan Labao and several Franciscans, he requested that the settlement be declared independent town. And in 1688, ten years after the request was done, a decree was created making Guinobatan a town and independent from Camalig. By virtue of his initiative, Don Francisco was appointed as gobernadorcillo and recognized as the First Civil Administrator of Guinobatan. That was how Guinobatan came into being.

How this town acquired the name “Guinobatan” can be drawn from the word “Gubat” which in its substantive form in Bicol idiom means barren and uncultivated. Used as a verb, “Gubat” denotes armed physical encounter. These encounters emanated from the depredations of the moros who frequently pillaged and plundered the town. The token resistance put up by the natives had given the name “Guinobatan”. Hence the word “Gubat” used in the past participle combined with events of those times, together with the actual physical condition of the settlement gave the name “Guinobatan” to this town.

Tourist Destinations


Oh La La Spring Resort is a beautiful hidden paradise located in Guinobatan, Albay. Tucked in a green garden with lush tropical foliage are 4 large spring water swimming pools, clean and beautifully landscaped grounds and a host of leisure activities, including table tenns, billiards, basketball and badminton.

Getting there: The resort is approximately 25km from Legazpi City, approximately 30-min by car. Most of the trip (18km) will be along the well-paved Maharlika highway. The turnout to the right is clearly marked. From the Maharlika highway, an additional 6 km on over 90% paved roads leads straight towards the Resort on the left. All signs are clearly marked.

Getting there via public transport: Take the jeepney heading towards Daraga or going west of Legazpi City and the one marked with any of the following: Polangui, Guinobatan and Ligao. Fare is P20.00 per person. Ask the driver to let you off at the Guinobatan Town proper, near the church. Right across the church are tricycle rides to Oh la la. The drivers charge P100.00 for special trip.

Day: Php70 per person
Night (4PM to 12:30AM): Adult – Php100; Child – Php80
Overnight (4PM to 7AM): Adult – Php130; Child – Php90

22 guest rooms
5 Function Halls
4 large spring water pools, one for children
5 fiber glass water slides
Children’s playground
2 Pacific grass Tennis courts
Basketball court
Videoke Bar
Billiards hall

Address: Muladbucad, Guinobatan, Albay, Philippines 4503
Phone: (0918) 524-3034

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CASA BASILISA is a special interest resort located along the national road at Barangay San Rafael, Guinobatan, Albay, Philippines.

The resort is 510 km southeast of Manila and 15 km west of Legazpi City. From Manila, it can be reached via a 55-minute plane ride to Legazpi City, or by land thru an eight-hour trip. It is strategically situated at the center of world-renowned ecotourism sites in the Bicol Peninsula, such as Mayon Volcano, Donsol Whale Sharks (Butanding), and CamSur Watersports Complex (CWC).

Mayon Volcano dominates the resort's scenic countryside landscape. The base of this 2,421-meter active volcano is highly fractured with springs from which free-flowing waters emanate. These natural springs were harnessed to create a unique attraction that showcases Asian architecture, renewable energy such as solar, wind and biogas, and a riverbank bioengineering protection system.

Casa Basilisa offers an ideal place for the tired and weary to rest and rejuvenate. Very unassuming from the outside, it has never failed to surprise. As one foreign guest excitedly remarked on a mobile upon setting foot at the resort: “Honey, come over. I found paradise!”

Diversion Road, San Rafael, Guinobatan, Albay
Tel No. (052) 838-1090
Mobile No. +639491686595


In Guinobatan, Albay hailed Simeon Ola, the man who would lead the Bicolanos fight for their freedom. He was born on September 2, 1865 to Vicente Ola and Apolonia Arboleda.

Ola was highly regarded in Guinobatan, being the teniente de cuadrillos and a trusted confidant of Father Carlos Cabido, the parish priest of his town. These positions helped him carry out his revolutionary works – recruiting men and acquiring firearms for the revolutionary army. He connived with the jail warden in his town, Sergeant Loame, to free about 93 prisoners. The prisoners soon joined his army. In April 1898, he fought in the battle of Camalig. General Vito Belarmino, the Zone Commander of the Revolutionary Forces in the Bicol Region, designated him the rank of a Captain. Fully committed to the cause of the revolution, he also raised funds amounting to P42, 000.00, which he turned over to General Mariano Trias, Secretary of Finance of the Revolutionary Government.

On January 23, 1900, he was promoted Major after he successfully effected an ambush and captured three American soldiers: Dubose, Fred Hunter and Russel. In February that same year, his troops fought against the Americans in Arimbay, Legaspi. His cousin Jose Arboleda perished in the bloody battle. American soldiers’ mighty firepower and combat training did not dampen his spirit; he continued to fight so that his men were encouraged and more men joined his army. With the army of Colonel Engracio Orence, he fought valiantly in the battle of Binogsacan in Guinobatan, Albay. His army rested for over a month in July 1901 when he accompanied General Belarmino to Manila. He resumed his campaign in August by raiding the town of Oas, Albay. On August 12, 1902, he ambushed the American detachment at Macabugos, Ligao. Ola became a marked man to the Americans. Although his troops were easily repulsed during battles, the Americans took him seriously. From March to October 1903, the Americans set up the reconcentration system as a means to stop Ola’s activities. Because of the damage it caused even to the innocent civilians, they turned into negotiations.

They sent Ramon Santos and Major Jesse S. Garwood of the Constabulary as emissaries to negotiate for his surrender, which he politely refused. Instead, he carried on his battle. On July 15, 1903, he ambushed the 31st Philippine Scout Garrison under the command of Sergeant Nicolas Napoli in Joveliar, Albay. The persistent effort of the peace panel and his battle weary men made Ola realized that he could never win the war. He became open to the agreement set by Colonel Harry H. Bandholtz, the Assistant Commander of the Constabulary in Lucena, Tayabas, for his surrender. The agreement included general amnesty, fair treatment and justice to his comrades in arms. On September 25, 1903 the negotiating panel composed of Ramon Santos, Eligio Arboleda, Epifanio Orozco, Frank L. Pyle, John Paegelow, J.B. Allison and Joseph Rogers went to his camp in Malagnaton, Mapaco, Guinobatan. Eventually, Ola surrendered to Governor Bette and Colonel Bandholtz. Charged with sedition, Judges Adam Carson and James Blount presided over his case. He was sentenced of 30 years imprisonment on November 10. 1903. Fortunately, he was granted executive clemency so he was released from prison on October 8, 1904. In 1910, he entered politics and won as town mayor of Guinobatan, which he served until 1913. He was again elected to the same position in 1916. He served the term until 1919. Simeon Ola died on February 14, 1952 and was interred at the Roman Catholic Cemetery of Guinobatan.

Foods & Delicacies


Longganisa de Guinobatan is now recognized as among the “One Town One Product” being introduced and promoted to be among the array of Bicol’s culinary delicacies in the local as well as the national market, says Lourdita Llanto, a professor of the Bicol University College of Agriculture and Fisheries (BUCAF) here.

Asked how the local product differs from the longganisa of Lucban Quezon and Vigan, Ilocos Sur, Llanto, stressed that unlike other products, the town’s longganisa is manually made, “we don’t use meat grinders in making the sausage, we chop the meat,” she added.

The longganisa de Guinobatan comes in two types: the regular where it consists of 50-50 percent lean meat and fats while the special one consists of 80 percent lean meat, Llanto who also teaches meat processing at BUCAF explained.

A kilo of pork produces at least 35 pieces of sausage which sells at P5 apiece.

Pioneering in the longganisa meat processing business here are the Ravago, Padre, Ogayon, and the Paliza families.

Basic ingredients to make a longganisa include pork, small intestine casing, salt, sugar, garlic, praque powder, chilli powder, and black pepper.

Llanto said that because of the popularity of the local sausage with its distinctive taste,festival organizers launched Longganisa Culinaria where on-the-spot longganisa making and cooking competitions highlighted on Monday the town’s weeklong Guinobatan Longganisa Festival.



Guinobatan hosts an annual festival in the celebration of Our Lady of Assumption, its patron saint. Until 2013, the town festival was called "Arandurugan Festival." In August, 2013, Guinobatan celebrated Longganisa Festival, named after the local product listed under the Department of Trade and Industry's "One Town, One Product" program.

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SIMEON A. OLA DAY (September 2)

September 2 is non-working holiday in the province of Albay. The Malacanang declaration was due to the commemoration of the 148th birth anniversary of the late Gen. Simeon A. Ola, the Bicolano hero during the Philippine-American War.

Born on September 2, 1865 in Guinobatan, Albay, to ordinary citizens Vicente Ola and Apolonia Arboleda, Gen. Ola was a hero of the Philippine Revolution and widely remembered by Bicolanos to be the last general to surrender to American forces during the Phil-Am War.

He was a student at the University of Nueva Caceres in Naga City in 1896 when he decided to give up his studies to join the local unit of the anti-American revolutionary movement in Albay.

As a brave fighter, Ola was promoted to the rank of captain after figuring in a fierce battle against American soldiers in Camalig town in 1898 and again promoted to the rank of major after a daring ambush mission that led to the capture of three American military officers.

He was also the leader of the subsequent valiant attacks on enemy forces in the towns of Oas, Ligao and Jovellar.


Product How Much (Range of Prices) Outlet (Where to Buy)
Longganisa 50.00 above Othelo O. Padre, Poblacion, Guinobatan, Albay
Pili Nuts & Candy 40.00 - 225.00 Rizal St. Poblacion, Guinobatan, Albay
Pinangat 40.00 * Rizal St. Poblacion, Guinobatan, Albay
Native Bags / Handicraft 150.00 above Rizal St. Poblacion, Guinobatan, Albay

HOTLINES: Medical Emergency (484-6728)
Fire (484-7788)

Contact Person:
Joan May E. Patriarca
Mauraro, Guinobatan, Albay
Tel. No. 09077050035
Email address:

Copyright © 2017 | Cynthia L. Perdiz

Page last updated: October 12, 2017