Sunday, June 3, 2018
PRICE SITUATION: YEAR-ON-YEAR
The Bicol Region’s inflation rate in May 2018 went up to 6.4 percent. Compared to
the 1.2 percent inflation rate in the same period last year, the May 2018 rate was higher by
5.2 percentage points.
The increase was attributed to the Inflation Rate by the Food and Non-Alcoholic
Beverages (from 7.7 percent to 9.1 percent), Alcoholic Beverages and Tobacco (from 15.9
percent to 16.6 percent), Clothing and Footwear (from 3.4 percent to 3.8 percent), Housing,
Water, Electricity, Gas and Other Fuels (from 1.3 percent to 2.4 percent), Health (from 11.8
percent to 12.0 percent), Communication (from 1.6 percent to 1.7 percent) and Restaurants
and Miscellaneous Goods and services (from 2.4 percent to 3.2 percent).
Meanwhile, decrease was noted on Transport (from 3.1 percent to 2.9 percent) and
Recreation and Culture (from 1.3 percent to 1.2 percent).
Education remained unchanged at 0.5 percent, same with Furnishings, Household
Equipment and Routine Maintenance of the Household pegged at 5.7 percent.
Inflation Rate in Albay surged at 7.6 percent, followed by Camarines Norte and
Masbate at 7.5 percent, while Sorsogon swelled-up to 3.5 percent. Camarines Sur pegged
at 6.2 percent and Catanduanes is at 5.5 percent.
PRICE SITUATION: MONTH-ON-MONTH
On a Month-on-month bases, the general prices of consumer items went down at
0.3 percent. The decrease was noted on the prices of Food and Non-Alcoholic Beverages
(from 0.8 percent to 0.1 percent), Alcoholic Beverages and Tobacco (from 1.8 percent to
0.7 percent), Household Equipment and Routine Maintenance of the House and Furnishings
(from 0.2 percent to 0.1 percent), and Health (from 0.7 percent to 0.5 percent).
On the other hand, prices went up on the following Commodity/Service Groups;
Clothing and Footwear (from 0.3 percent to 0.4 percent), Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas
and Other Fuels (from 0.8 percent to 1.0 percent), Transport (from 0.7 percent to 0.8
percent), Communication (from 0.0 percent o 0.1 percent), Recreation and Culture (from 0.1
percent to 0.2 percent), and Restaurants and Miscellaneous Goods and Services (from 0.2
percent to 0.9 percent)
Education pegged at 0.0 this month.
With all the observed price changes in CPI, the Purchasing Power of Peso in Bicol
is pegged at 0.85. Sorsogon PPP is at 0.90 while Camarines Norte is at 0.83. Albay and
Camarines Sur at 0.85. Catanduanes and Masbate at 0.86 and 0.84 respectively.
DEFINITIONS AND CONCEPTS
Consumers’ Price Index - a statistical measure of the change in average retail prices of a
fixed basket of goods and services bought by a specific group of consumers in a given area
in a given period of time.
Purchasing Power of the Currency or Peso (PPP) - a measure of the volume of goods and
services which the currency can buy at any given period relative to that which it could purchase
during the base year. It is computed as the reciprocal of the CPI for the period under review
multiplied by 100.
Market Basket - the total number of goods and services in constant amounts and qualities
which are samples of the goods and services available in the market and included in the
construction of the index. CPI market basket was selected to represent the composite price
behavior of all goods and services purchased by consumers. Composition of the 2006 market
basket was determined based on the results of the 2006 update of the 2000 basket. Provinces
and selected cities had own market baskets.
Base Year - it identifies the base period with which the index relates. It is a period of time
chosen as reference on which a price index is computed. The index for the base year is 100.
Retail Price - the actual price at which retailers sell a commodity on spot or earliest delivery,
usually in small quantities for consumption and not for resale. It is confined to transactions on
cash basis in the free market and excludes black-market prices and prices of commodities
that are on sale as in summer sales, anniversary sales, Christmas sales, etc.
Percent Change - the percent point change expressed as percent of the index of the earliest
Inflation Rate - the annual rate of change or the year-on-year change of the CPI. Inflation is
interpreted in terms of declining purchasing power of money.\
Note to Users:
The monthly Consumers Price Index is computed based on the average retail prices
of goods and services collected during the first week and mid-month of the reference