Wednesday, February 22, 2017
POPULATION AND FAMILIES
The Bicol region accounts for 5.9 percent of the country's population as of May 1, 2010 with an average annual growth rate of 1.46 percent between 2000 and 2010, lower than the country's average largely due to ou-migration. Women comprise about half of the population, an almost equal share with men in the region's human resource capital. Harnessing women's full capacity in the task of social and economic development however still face constraints brought about by lingering gender role definitions. While improvements in shared domestic responsibility between women and men have been noted in recent years, majority of the burden of changing population sizes and family compositions and limited resources is still borne by women.
Bicol Region had a 2.4 Million-strong labor force in July 2014 but only more than a third is somposed of women, representing less than 50 percent participation rate compared to 77 percent among men. Of the 2.3 million employed person in the same period, women composed only 37 percent. In terms of employment opportunity, woment with higher education attaintment are less likely to find jobs after graduation than men. Women also make up the minority of the membership in work-based organizations such as labor unions and organizations, although recent years showed a steady rise in women's participation.
AGRICULTURE AND AGRARIAN REFORM
The Bicol region is an agricultural economy with almost half of its productive manpower dependent on the industry. A fourth of emplyed persons in the agriculture sector are composed of women. Despite their significant contribution to agricultural productivity, the agrarian structure in the region remains biased in favor of men. Women still earn less, own less and control less. Recent figures however that women are slowly being mainstreamed into region's agricultural activities. Women now account for a third of Agrarian Reform Program benificiaries and majority of Agricultural Production Program recipients. Although there is still a wide disparity in number between women and men agricultural workers, the disparity in wages has substantially narrowed. These developments indicate the growing recognition of women as productive agricultual partners.
Gender quality in educational opportunities is among the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). In the Bicol Region, indications point to the achievment of this goal. Women in the Bicol region avail of educational services more than men and achieve higher educational levels. Women likewise, dominate the faculty of instruction of the different educational institutions in the region.
HEALTH AND FAMILY PLANNING
In the Bicol Region however, much has still to be done to achieve the goals for women's reproductive health. The region has one of the highest unmet need for family planning and low access to health facilities and qualified health personnel during delivery.
In Bicol Region, women and children constitute the majority of individual clients served through the DSWD.
In the Bicol Region, the participation of women in the electoral processes is slowly improving. The proportion of women holding elective positions continues to rise. Women have also outdone men in terms of voters registration and voters turn out. This situation should hopefully, result in the formulation of more policies that address the pecular needs and concerns of women.
The Bicol Region has a modest share of migrant workers. Data show that compared to men, women overseas workers from the region continue to increase.
PUBLIC ORDER AND SAFETY
The Bicol Region, more and more women are joining the police force, fire fighting personnel and the jail managementand penology personnel. Although the top echelons of the agencies involved in this work are still dominated by men, the competitiveness of women peace and safety officers is slowly being recognized.
VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN AND CHILDREN
Generally, incidence of violence against women and children in the Bicol Region is on the rise.
The WAM in the Bicol Region is available in printed and electronic formats (Excel/Word/PDF in CDRom). Back issues of this publication are available for purchase.
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The Women and Men (WAM) in the Bicol Region
is an annual publication prepared by the Regional Statistical Service Office V of the
PHILIPPINE STATISTICS AUTHORITY (PSA).
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