The improvement in the quality of life of the Filipinos poses a continuing challenge to the government. To realize this endeavor, the implementation of development programs need to be directed towards the right target. Hence, it is essential that communities needing assistance be properly identified to channel the required resources for upgrading their welfare. Relatively, a clear knowledge and understanding of the income distribution and consumption patterns of families becomes a key element in the decision-making.
The Family Income and Expenditures Survey responds to this need of providing key indicators for national and regional economic planning.
Objectives of the Survey
The 2000 Family Income and Expenditures Survey (FIES) had the following primary objectives:
- to gather data on family income and family living expenditures and related information affecting income and expenditure levels and patterns in the Philippines,
- to determine the sources of income and income distribution, levels of living and spending patterns, and the degree of inequality among families,
- to provide benchmark information to update weights in the estimation of consumer price index, and
- to provide information in the estimation of the country's poverty threshold and incidence
Authority for the Survey: Confidentiality of DataAuthority for the Survey: Confidentiality of Data
The authority for the survey emanates from Commonwealth Act No. 591, which authorized the National Statistics Office (NSO), under Section 2(d), "to conduct by enumeration, sampling or other methods, for statistical purposes, studies of social and economic problems of the country".
More recently, Executive Order 121. otherwise known as the Reorganization Act of the Philippine Statistical System. which was passed on January 30, 1987, declared that the NSO shall be the major statistical agency responsible for generating general purpose statistics and for undertaking such censuses and surveys as may be designated by the National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB).
Like all other surveys undertaken by the NSO, the data gathered in the 2000 FIES are for statistical purposes only and will be published in summary form. As provided for in said Act, the data will never be used for taxation, investigation or enforcement purposes.
Scope and Coverage
Data gathered in the survey include sources of income in cash and in kind and the level of consumption by item of expenditure. Related information such as family size, number of family members employed for pay or profit (wage/salary or own-account workers), occupation, age and educational attainment of household head, and housing characteristics were also included.
In most NSO surveys, statistics have been limited to socio-economic data at national and regional levels. For a country like the Philippines where extensive programs for development are being planned and implemented, there is the need for information at the local level. In this regard, the survey sample design has been developed in such a way that accurate provincial, key city/municipality level classification would be possible for selected characteristics.
The survey involved the interview of a national sample of about 41,000 sample households deemed sufficient to provide reliable estimates of income and expenditure levels for each province of the country, key cities and key municipalities. The sample households covered in the survey were the same households interviewed in the July 2000 and January 2001 rounds of the Labor Force Survey (LFS).