Definition of Terms
The respondent interviewed in this survey is the household head or person who manages the finances of the family or any member of the family who can give reliable information or answers to the questionnaire.
A family id defined as a group of persons usually living together and composed of the head and other persons related to the head by blood, marriage or adoption. For purposes of this survey, the “extended” family concept is followed. A single person living alone is considered a separate family.
The following are the different types of household used in the survey:
- Single family – refers to the household composed of a single nuclear family. A nuclear family is composed of a father and mother with unmarried children or a parent with children. For purpose of the survey, a single person household is considered as a single family. Also considered are unmarried sisters and brothers who are living together as one household. The presence of a boarder and domestic helper will not change the household type.
- Extended family – refers to the household composed of a nuclear family as defined above together with relatives like son-in-law, daughter-in-law, grandson, granddaughter, father, mother and other relatives.
- Two or more non-relatives members – refers to a household with two or more non-related families or two or more persons not related to each other by blood, marriage or adoption.
This refers to the total number of family members enumerated. Included as family members are those whose relationship to the household head is spouse, son, daughter, father, mother, son-in-law, daughter-in-law, sister, brother, granddaughter and grandson or other relative.
Total family income includes primary income and receipts from other sources received by all family members during the calendar year 2000 as participants in any economic activity or as recipients of transfers, pensions, grants, etc.
Primary income includes salaries and wages, commissions, tips, bonuses, family and clothing allowance, transportation and representation allowances, honoraria, and other forms of compensation and net receipts derived from the operation of family-operated enterprises/activities and the practice of a profession or trade.
Income from other sources included imputed rental values of owner-occupied dwelling units, interests, rentals including landowner’s share of agricultural products, pensions, support and the value of food and non-food items received as gifts by the family (as well as the imputed value of services rendered free of charge to the family).
Also included as part of family income are receipts from family sustenance activities which are not considered as family-operated enterprise.
Following the International Labor Organization concept of income, the 2000 FIES excludes profits from sale of stocks and bonds, backpay and proceeds from insurance, net winnings from gambling, sweepstakes and lotteries and inheritance as part of family income. However, these are included as part of other receipts.
Two levels of income deciles were utilized in this survey – national and regional. The national income decile is obtained by ranking the weighted total family of all sample families in the country from lowest to highest. Then these are compiled into ten groups. The first tenth, meaning those with the lowest income, is called the first decile; the second tenth, second decile and so on.
A similar procedure is implemented for the regional decile, except that what is arrayed is the weighted total family income of sample families in a given region.
Per Capita Income
Per capita income is obtained by dividing the total family income by the total number of family members.
Per Capita Income Decile
Similarly, levels of per capita income decile were utilized – the national and regional per capita income decile. The per capita income of families for the whole country were arrayed in the national per capita income decile while in the regional per capita income decile, only those in a given region. These are subsequently grouped into tens, with the lowest comprising the first per capita income decile.
Main Source of Income
This refers to the source from which most of the income of the family is obtained. If the family has more than one source of income, the main source that would be considered is the bulk of income is derived.
Salaries and Wages from Employment
It includes all forms of compensation whether in cash or in kind received by family members who are regular or occasional/seasonal workers in agricultural and non-agricultural industries.
Imputed Rent of Owner-Occupied Dwelling Unit
Imputed rent is the estimated amount that the owner of a dwelling unit would charge if he/she were to rent his/her entire dwelling unit monthly, unfinished and excluding the costs for utilities. The rental value is based on the prevailing rate in the locality.
Imputed rent differs from amortization payments. Imputed rent refers to the value of the house/lot based on its utility while amortization payments refer to the periodic payments made by the family on real property they acquired on installment basis.
Imputed rent of free housing enjoyed by employees is also included.