A nationwide survey of households undertaken every quarter, designed to provide statistics on levels and trends of employment, unemployment, and underemployment for the country, as a whole, and for each of the country’s administrative regions, including provinces and key cities or municipalities.
Labor Force Survey
The Labor Force Survey (LFS) is a nationwide survey of households conducted regularly to gather data on the demographic and socio-economic characteristics of the population. It is primarily geared towards the estimation of the levels of employment and unemployment in the country. It is conducted every first month of the quarter in selected areas in the Philippines.
Starting 1987, the LFS used a new questionnaire design and adopted modifications in the concepts and definitions for measuring labor force and employment characteristics. This design is based on a past week reference period. However, due to increasing demand for data such as salaries and wages, new entrants, other occupations, etc., the LFS questionnaire has undergone revision. Thus, starting on January 2001, a revised LFS questionnaire with these updates was used.
The LFS questionnaire was further revised starting January 2002 with the inclusion of the line number of respondent and a screening question whether the household member has other job or business during the past week. Starting July 2003, the new 2003 Master Sample (MS) Design was adopted.
Starting with the April 2005 LFS. a revised questionnaire was used. The revised instrument incorporated items of inquiry that were deemed necessary to adequately capture the availability criterion and to reflect the reference period for identifying the discouraged workers. These changes were needed to adopt the international standard definition of unemployment. Some questions on the elements of decent work were also included such as reasons for working more than 48 hours, as well as questions for children on their attendance to school.