Skip to main content
Release Date :
Reference Number :
2024-012

 

Headline Inflation

The region’s headline inflation or overall inflation accelerated to 4.6 percent in June 2024 from 3.7 percent in May 2024. This brings the regional average inflation from January to June 2024 to 3.6 percent. In June 2023, inflation rate was higher at 5.3 percent.

Main Drivers to the Upward Trend of the Headline Inflation

The uptrend in the overall inflation in June 2024 was primarily influenced by the faster annual increment of housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels at 0.0 percent during the month from -3.1 percent in May 2024. Also contributing to the uptrend were the faster annual increases in the indices of food and non-alcoholic beverages with 7.2 percent in June 2024 from 6.1 percent in May 2024, and personal care, and miscellaneous goods and services with 3.1 percent inflation in June 2024 from 2.9 percent inflation in the previous month.

Moreover, higher annual increments were noted in the indices of clothing and footwear with 5.6 percent in June 2024 from 5.4 percent in May 2024, and information and communication with 4.3 percent from 4.2 percent in the previous month.

On the contrary, the index of the following commodity groups exhibited lower annual increases during the month:

    a. Alcoholic beverages and tobacco, 3.5 percent from 4.1 percent;
    b. Furnishings, household equipment and routine household maintenance, 3.3 percent from 3.7 percent;
    c. Transport, 4.9 percent from 5.5 percent; and
    d. Restaurants and accommodation services, 3.5 percent from 3.9 percent.

The indices of the rest of the commodity groups retained their respective previous month’s annual rates.

Main Contributors to the Headline Inflation

The top three commodity groups contributing to the June 2024 overall inflation were the following:

    a. Food and non-alcoholic beverages with 70.8 percent share or 3.3 percentage points;
    b. Transport with 7.7 percent share or 0.4 percentage point; and
    c. Restaurants and accommodation services with 4.9 percent share or 0.2 percentage point.

 

Food Inflation

Food inflation at the regional level rose to 7.3 percent in June 2024 from 6.4 percent in May 2024. In June 2023, food inflation was lower at 6.4 percent.

Main Drivers to the Upward Trend of Food Inflation

The acceleration of food inflation in June 2024 was mainly brought about by the faster year-on-year increase in vegetables, tubers, plantains, cooking bananas and pulses index at 2.4 percent in June 2024 from -7.2 percent in the previous month. The index of meat and other parts of slaughtered land animals also contributed to the uptrend with an inflation rate of 2.9 percent during the month from 2.2 percent in May 2024.

Moreover, faster annual increments were noted in the indices of fruits and nuts at 1.3 percent during the month from -0.5 percent in May 2024, and ready-made food and other food products not elsewhere classified at 6.3 percent in June 2024 from 5.2 percent in May 2024.

In addition, slower annual declines were noted in the indices of milk other dairy products and eggs at -0.2 percent from -0.5 percent; and oils and fats at -6.5 percent in June 2024 from -7.7 percent in May 2024.

On the contrary, slower annual growth rates during the month were observed in the indices of the following food groups:

    a. Corn, 7.7 percent from 9.7 percent; and
    b. Flour, bread and other bakery products, pasta products, and other cereals, 3.6 percent from 3.7 percent.

Moreover, faster annual decreases of 1.9 percent were observed in fish and other seafood during the month from a 1.7 percent year-on-year drop in May 2024, and 5.3 percent in sugar, confectionery and desserts index from 5.1 percent annual drop in May 2024.
Rice retained its annual growth rate at 29.1 percent.

Main contributors to the Food Inflation

Food inflation shared 68.9 percent or 3.2 percentage points to the overall inflation in June 2024. The top three food groups in terms of contribution to the food inflation during the month were the following:

    a. Cereals and cereal products, which includes rice, corn, flour, bread and other bakery products, pasta products, and other cereals, with a share of 95.0 percent or 6.9 percentage points;  
    b. Meat and other parts of slaughtered land animals with a share of 5.6 percent or 0.4 percentage point; and
    c. Ready-made food and other food products not elsewhere classified with a share of 3.3 percent or 0.2 percentage point.


 

 

 

 

 

 

DEFINITIONS AND CONCEPTS


Consumer Price Index - a statistical measure of the change in average retail prices of a fixed basket of goods and services bought by a specific group of consumers in a given area in a given period of time.

Purchasing Power of the Currency or Peso (PPP) - a measure of the volume of goods and services which the currency can buy at any given period relative to that which it could purchase during the base year.  It is computed as the reciprocal of the CPI for the period under review multiplied by 100.

Market Basket - the total number of goods and services in constant amounts and qualities which are samples of the goods and services available in the market and included in the construction of the index.  CPI market basket was selected to represent the composite price behavior of all goods and services purchased by consumers. Composition of the 2012 market basket was determined based on the results of the 2018 update of the 2012 basket. Provinces and selected cities had own market baskets.  

Base Year - it identifies the base period with which the index relates. It is a period of time chosen as reference on which a price index is computed. The index for the base year is 100.

Retail Price - the actual price at which retailers sell a commodity on spot or earliest delivery, usually in small quantities for consumption and not for resale. It is confined to transactions on cash basis in the free market and excludes black-market prices and prices of commodities that are on sale as in summer sales, anniversary sales, Christmas sales, etc.

Percent Change - the percent point change expressed as percent of the index of the earliest date.

Inflation Rate - the annual rate of change or the year-on-year change of the CPI.  Inflation is interpreted in terms of declining purchasing power of money.


Note to Users:

    The monthly Consumer Price Index is computed based on the average retail prices of goods and services collected during the first week and mid-month of the reference month.  

 

Consumer Price Index for Bottom 30% Income Households Camarines Sur June 2024

The headline inflation for Bottom 30% Income Households in Camarines Sur increased to 7.6 percent in June 2024 from 4.5 percent recorded in May 2024. This brings the provincial average inflation from…

Consumer Price Index for All Income Households in Camarines Sur June 2024

The headline inflation in Camarines Sur increased to 5.5 percent in June 2024 from 3.4 percent recorded in May 2024. This brings the provincial average inflation from January to June 2024 at 3.9…

Consumer Price Index Press Release June 2024

Headline Inflation sa Camarines Sur, bumilis sa antas na 5.5 percent nitong Hunyo 2024